Complete Urine Examination

Complete Urine Examination

Complete Urine Examination also known as Urine Routine, Urine R/M, Urine Examination.

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  • A complete urine examination comprises a series of steps which helps to detect diseases or conditions such as diabetes, liver or kidney problems, urinary tract problems etc. The steps include
  • Visual : The visual examination helps in assessment of colour and clarity of the urine.
  • Chemical : The chemical examination detects different substances in the urine.
  • Microscopic examination of the urine : The microscopic examination identifies bacteria, mucus, cells, crystals, and other compounds in the urine.
  • The complete urine examination is done:
  • As a part of a routine check-up
  • To diagnose conditions/diseases such as kidney or liver problems, urinary tract infections, congestive heart failure, diabetes, and other metabolic disorders
  • To monitor the treatment of conditions like diabetes or kidney diseases
  • Complete Urine Examination total tests includes:
  • Gravity
  • Transparency
  • Glucose
  • Ph
  • Urine Ketones (Random)
  • Pus Cells
  • Rbc
  • Epithelial Cells
  • Physical Examination
  • Centrifuged Sediment Wet Mount And Microscopy
  • Others
  • Crystals
  • Casts
  • Biochemical Examination
  • Urine Protein

Other tests, such as pregnancy testing and drug screenings, might rely on a urine sample, but these tests look for substances that aren’t included in a typical urinalysis.

Results interpretation:

For a urinalysis, your urine sample is evaluated in three ways: visual exam, dipstick test and microscopic exam.

  • Visual exam

A lab technician examines the urine’s appearance.

  • Urine is typically clear.
  • Cloudiness or an unusual odor can indicate a problem, such as an infection.
  • Protein in urine can make it appear foamy.
  • Blood in the urine can make it look red or brown.
  • Urine color can be influenced by what you’ve just eaten or by certain drugs you’re taking. For example, beets or rhubarb might tint your urine red.
  • Dipstick test

A dipstick — a thin, plastic stick with strips of chemicals on it — is placed in the urine. The chemical strips change color if certain substances are present or if their levels are above typical levels. A dipstick test checks for:

  • Acidity (pH). The pH level indicates the amount of acid in urine. The pH level might indicate a kidney or urinary tract disorder.
  • A measure of concentration shows how concentrated the particles are in your urine. A higher than normal concentration often is a result of not drinking enough fluids.
  • Low levels of protein in urine are typical. Small increases in protein in urine usually aren’t a cause for concern, but larger amounts might indicate a kidney problem.
  • The amount of sugar (glucose) in urine is typically too low to be detected. Any detection of sugar on this test usually calls for follow-up testing for diabetes.
  • As with sugar, any amount of ketones detected in your urine could be a sign of diabetes and requires follow-up testing.
  • Bilirubin is a product of red blood cell breakdown. Usually, bilirubin is carried in the blood and passes into your liver, where it’s removed and becomes part of bile. Bilirubin in your urine might indicate liver damage or disease.
  • Evidence of infection. Either nitrites or leukocyte esterase — a product of white blood cells — in your urine might indicate a urinary tract infection.
  • Blood in your urine requires additional testing. It may be a sign of kidney damage, infection, kidney or bladder stones, kidney or bladder cancer, or blood disorders.
  • Microscopic exam

Sometimes performed as part of a urinalysis, this test involves viewing drops of concentrated urine — urine that’s been spun in a machine — under a microscope. If any of the following levels are above average, you might need more tests:

  • White blood cells (leukocytes) might be a sign of an infection.
  • Red blood cells (erythrocytes) might be a sign of kidney disease, a blood disorder or another underlying medical condition, such as bladder cancer.
  • Bacteria, yeast or parasites can indicate an infection.
  • Casts — tube-shaped proteins — can be a result of kidney disorders.
  • Crystals that form from chemicals in urine might be a sign of kidney stones.

Note: The results may be a clue that you need more tests and follow-up. The next steps depend on why you had the test in the first place.

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Why Iris Laboratories?

Irismed Lab has a team of 200 senior pathologists and over 2000 technicians delivering diagnostic solutions in the areas of routine, semi specialty and super specialty domains like Oncology, Neurology, Gynaecology, Nephrology and many more. We offer a comprehensive range of 4000+ clinical laboratory tests and profiles, which are used for prediction, early detection, diagnostic screening, confirmation and/or monitoring of the disease.

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How is blood sample collected?

There is no known risk involved for removing a small amount of blood from the body.
The phlebotomist:
  • Cleans your arm
  • Inserts a needle (the needle prick may slightly sting or can feel a pinch)
  • Removes the required amount of blood in the syringe
  • And collects the blood in a tube
  • Removes the needle
  • Place a bandage on the arm

Note:

  • Sometimes, more than one tube of blood may be collected depending upon the number of tests to be performed
  • For neonates or infants, needle may be inserted in the heel

Did you know?

Giving a small amount of blood for testing purposes does not harm your body. Your body will quickly rebuild it back in the blood supply. There are more than 100 tests that can be performed that can be correlated with more than hundreds of conditions. To know more, click here.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes our laboratory is accredited by the NABL (National Accreditation Board of Testing and Calibration of Laboratories) India & College of American Pathologists (CAP). This accreditation process is carried out every 2 years for NABL & annually for CAP with periodic internal audits carried out twice in a year. All our aforementioned tests are accredited by NABL & CAP.
TruHealth is an expert and comprehensive inner health wellness by Metropolis. It helps you monitor and maintain your inner health parameters better, so that you are ready to achieve your dreams, always.Metropolis TruHealth – Because Health is Everything.
SMART report covers a comprehensive view of your lifestyle related diseases and risk analysis, health recommendations, reminders and recommended reflex tests. Get regular communications to monitor and maintain your inner health.
Reports will be delivered on your registered email id with a TAT (Turnaround time) of 24 hours.
We will deliver reports on your email id, check the email received from Metropolis India. You can also download it by signing in to your profile in our website or in TruHealth App
You can select the best health package suited to you based on your gender, age and lifestyle.
Additional Home Visit and Safety charges will be applicable for all test and Health packages.
We collect samples from home between 7:00 AM to 7:00 PM. we offer Blood collection service on Sunday’s as well.
Doctor’s prescription is not required if you avail any wellness package. For any illness test, prescription might be required.
Test samples are processed at our regional laboratories in various cities – Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Banaglore, Delhi and more. You can check out more information here – Our Labs

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